- 1 Who originally conducted orchestra?
- 2 What is the name of the person who keeps an orchestra in time?
- 3 Can an orchestra play without a conductor?
- 4 What is Leonard Bernstein best known for?
- 5 Why is there no piano in an orchestra?
- 6 What is the conductor’s stick called?
- 7 What is played by the leader of an orchestra?
- 8 What are the four families of the orchestra?
- 9 Is conducting an orchestra hard?
- 10 Do musicians look at the conductor?
- 11 Which musical period has no conductors directing orchestras?
- 12 What Bernstein piece is a modern take on Romeo and Juliet?
- 13 Did Leonard Bernstein come from a family of musicians?
Who originally conducted orchestra?
The word derives from the ancient Greek part of a stage where instruments and the chorus combined music and drama to create theater. The first semblance of a modern orchestra came in the early 17th century when the Italian opera composer Claudio Monteverdi formally assigned specific instruments to perform his music.
What is the name of the person who keeps an orchestra in time?
It keeps an orchestra or a choir in time and together. But that’s just the starting point. Most importantly a conductor serves as a messenger for the composer. It is their responsibility to understand the music and convey it through gesture so transparently that the musicians in the orchestra understand it perfectly.
Can an orchestra play without a conductor?
If you just pick up the right kind of students, they will become conductors.” Lintu acknowledges that most orchestras nowadays could play quite well together without the involvement of a conductor. Because most of the orchestras in the world can play together without any conductor.
What is Leonard Bernstein best known for?
His best-known works are the musicals On the Town (1944; filmed 1949), Wonderful Town (1953; filmed 1958), Candide (1956), and the very popular West Side Story (1957; filmed 1961), written in collaboration with Stephen Sondheim and Jerome Robbins.
Why is there no piano in an orchestra?
The truth is that the piano, in its role of a domestic instrument so enticingly capable of chordal and contrapuntal and melodic effects, is not a suitable companion for the orchestra at all.
What is the conductor’s stick called?
A baton is a stick that is used by conductors primarily to enlarge and enhance the manual and bodily movements associated with directing an ensemble of musicians.
What is played by the leader of an orchestra?
‘The most obvious role of the Leader is liaising with the conductor in rehearsals to help the Orchestra interpret their ideas and make them sound as they imagine. This mainly affects the string section, but may also influence the rest of the Orchestra.
What are the four families of the orchestra?
Each instrument has unique characteristics, such as the different ways they produce a sound, the materials used to create them, and their overall appearance. These characteristics ultimately divide instruments into four families: woodwinds, brass, percussion, and strings.
Is conducting an orchestra hard?
Conductors may look like they have an easier ride, not having to master any fiendish passages of finger-work like the violinists, say, or risk the exposure and split notes of the wind and brass players. But “ conducting is more difficult than playing a single instrument,” claims Boulez.
Do musicians look at the conductor?
Orchestral musicians may look directly at a conductor if they are looking for a cue they know the conductor plans to provide, but usually only if they find it helpful. Most members can also see the conductor’s gesticulations in their peripheral vision even when they aren’t looking directly at him or her.
Which musical period has no conductors directing orchestras?
In the classical era, all orchestras played without conductor, being led by the 1st violin or the soloist.
What Bernstein piece is a modern take on Romeo and Juliet?
Without a doubt, American composer Leonard Bernstein’s most significant contribution to the world of Shakespeare was West Side Story, the 1957 smash Broadway hit adaptation of Romeo and Juliet written and created by Jerome Robbins, Arthur Laurents, Stephen Sondheim, and Bernstein.
Did Leonard Bernstein come from a family of musicians?
Leonard Bernstein was born Louis Bernstein in Lawrence, Massachusetts, on August 25, 1918, to Russian-Jewish immigrants. A shy and sickly child, Louis Bernstein fell in love with music after a relative gave his family an old, weathered upright piano.